What is the significance of the date Cinco de Noviembre (November 5) in Negros Occidental that it was made a special non-working holiday in the province every year?
Cinco de Noviembre is Negros Day in Negros Occidental that Negrenses is celebrate every year, to commemorate the Negros Revolution that happened during the Spanish colonial rule of the island.
This year, Negros Occidental will be marking the 114th anniversary of the 1898 Negros Revolution on Monday, November 5, 2012. The day, which falls on a Monday, is again a special non-working holiday in the entire province.
Why is Cinco de Noviembre memorable in Negros Occidental? What is its significance for the province?
Cinco de Noviembre, Spanish term for November 5, was the culmination of the secret political movement that in the year 1898 or 114 years ago, had created a government in Negros Island.
Thus, its significance in history was that the political movement had created the revolution which peaked on November 5, 1898, thereby ending the Spanish rule in Negros Island.
Therefore, it was on the Cinco de Noviembre of 1898 that resulted to the establishment of the short-lived Negros Republic, a government run by the Negrense leaders composed of the elite landowners, led by Aniceto Lacson and Juan Araneta.
The Negros Republic, though historical, existed for about three months only, as it ended abruptly when the American forces landed on Negros Island unopposed by the Negros Republic leaders on February 2, 1899, as they welcomed the Americans. The arrival of the American forces ended Negros’ independence.
The Cinco de Noviembre revolution in Negros Occidental was a culmination of secret planning by the Negrenses to throw Spanish rule in the island.
The Negrense revolutionaries agreed that the revolt would begin on November 3, 1898. From northern Negros, it was to be led by Aniceto Lacson, a rich landlord from Talisay, with Nicolas Gólez as deputy commander.
From central Negros, the revolt would be led by Juan Araneta, a sugar baron of Bago City with Rafael Ramos of Himamaylan as deputy commander.
On Cinco de Noviembre (November 5, 1898), the revolt, now popularly known as the Negros Revolution, started in Central and Northern Negros and spread to other towns including Cadiz in the north. It was the beginning of the end of the Spanish colonial rule in the island.
The rest, as they say, is history.
To commemorate the historic event in Negros Occidental, the so-called Negros Day or Negros Revolution, November 5 was declared by President Corazon Aquino as a special non-working holiday in the province through Republic Act No. 6709 signed on February 10, 1989.